- A new dynamic is emerging on Capitol Hill
- US August CPI is the key economic report left today after the strong Australian jobs report and the disappointing Chinese data
- Bank of England is expected to keep rates steady; SNB kept rates on hold, as widely expected
- Turkey, Chile, and Peru central banks meet
The dollar is mixed against the majors. Stockie and Aussie are outperforming, while Swissie and Nokkie are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly softer. RUB and RON are outperforming, while PHP and KRW are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was down 0.1%, with the Nikkei falling 0.3%. MSCI EM is up 0.1%, with the Shanghai Composite falling 0.4%. Euro Stoxx 600 is down 0.1% near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a lower open. The 10-year US yield is flat at 2.19%. Commodity prices are mixed, with WTI oil up 0.5%, copper down 1.3%, and gold flat.
In the face of much cynicism and pessimism about the outlook for the Trump Administration’s agenda, we have repeatedly pointed out the resilience of the system of checks and balances. Many of the more extreme executive branch positions have been tempered. Some have been of their own accord, such as naming China a currency manipulator or pulling out of NAFTA or KORUS. Other times, the judicial branch provides the checks, such as on immigration curbs, or even the legislative branch, as in limiting the President’s ability to roll back new sanctions on Russia (and Iran and North Korea).
The most important shift since last November’s election has taken place recently. After increasing frustrations with Republican legislators, who despite their majority, have ideological differences that have stymied the Administration’s agenda, Trump has switched gears. He is seeking, at least in some areas, to work with the Democrats, with the hopes of peeling off enough Republicans to forge a majority. This has worked to buy more time, insofar as the debt limit and spending authorization were extended until mid-December to ensure smooth emergency aid funding after the recent weather calamities.
It looks like this new course can be extended in a few issue-specific areas, including DACA and possibly health care and tax reform. It may be premature to reach any hard and fast conclusions, but the point is that the dance between the fractious and small Republican legislative majority, a maverick President, and a strident Democrat minority has changed tunes, and many investors do not appear prepared for this.
Given prices, market positioning, and sense of market psychology, we think the market is ill-prepared for any one of these scenarios: tax reform, the continuation of the Fed’s gradual removal of accommodation through increasing the Fed funds target range, and Yellen being reappointed. We suspect the first two are more dollar bullish than the third though the reappointment of Yellen, assuming she would accept, would provide continuity at an important time for the administration. Many in the media have emphasized the importance of loyalty for the White House, but in the Fed’s case, dependability may be almost as good. She is a known quantity, there is a nearly 40-year old tradition of two terms for the Fed chair, and her views on regulation are very much what one would expect from one of the most important regulators.
Tax reform is of keen interest, and the squabbling between the Freedom Caucus and the Tuesday Group warned that what happened to health care reform was going to sabotage tax reform. A new bipartisan group has emerged (Problem Solvers) that may break the logjam. Although details are not clear, a new timeframe has been offered. In about two weeks (~September 25), a broad framework will be announced and this will be followed up by release of core elements that will operationalize the framework by mid-October by House Ways and Means Committee.
This would leave only 28 legislative days for the remainder of the 2017 session. The debt ceiling can be maneuvered around for a few months, but the spending authorization needs to be renewed/extended from early December, or face the risk of a shutdown of parts of the government. Sequentially, the FY2018 budget needs to be in place to allow the parliamentary ploy that allows tax reform to pass with a simple majority. There is a bit of a chicken-egg story, as some legislators (Freedom Caucus) are reluctant approve spending authorization without a better understanding of the tax changes.
The US August CPI is key economic report left today after the strong Australian jobs report and the disappointing Chinese data. The story is well known. Price pressures have softened this year in the US at both the headline and core levels. This has become a concern for several Fed officials, though most (according to recent FOMC minutes) still think it is a result of temporary factors, but seem increasingly open the possibility of a structure shift.
Headline consumer prices in the US have averaged a monthly increase of 0.1% this year after 0.2% last year. The headline has not increased by 0.2% since April. The median estimate in the Bloomberg survey is for a 0.3% m/m rise in August. After what seemed like a soft PPI report yesterday, some fear a disappointing report. While that is possible, the finished consumer goods component of the PPI rose 0.6%, which augers against a downside surprise today.
The core rate has not risen by more than 0.1% since February. The median estimate looks for a 0.2% increase in August. However, due to the base effect (last August core CPI rose 0.3%), the year-over-year rate could tick down to 1.6% from 1.7%. That might give the bond market a pause with the 10-year yield near 2.2% after slipping to almost 2.0% on September 8. US also reports weekly jobless claims, which are likely to remain distorted by the storm impact.
Tomorrow the US reports retail sales. Redbook weekly report of chain store sales may help to offset some of the drag of weaker auto sales. US consumption remains firm after a soft Q1, underpinned by job creation, small but positive real wage growth, and the increased use of credit.
Perceptions of the risk of a December rate hike have risen in recent days. Bloomberg’s calculation has increased the odds from almost 27% at the end of last week to almost 39% chance now. By the CME’s interpolation, the odds have risen from 31% to 46%.
The most impressive thing about Australia’s jobs report is not that it created more than 40k full-time positions. It is a volatile number and follows a loss of nearly 20k full-time positions in July. More striking was the fact that the participation rate rose to 65.3% from 65.1%, while the unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.6%. This may have helped the Australian dollar shrug off the weaker growth impulses from China.
China reported a series of disappointing August data that strengthens the idea that the world’s second largest economy may have seen in its mini-growth spurt lose momentum in H2. Retail sales slowed to 10.1% from 10.4%. The median guesstimate had been for an increase. Industrial output slowed to 6.0% from 6.4%. Here too the median forecast had expected an acceleration. Fixed investment slowed more than expected to 7.8% from 8.3%. This (non-rural) investment figure is the lowest since before China joined the WTO in 2001.
The Bank of England meets today, but we do not see this as a major driver. No one expects a change in policy, even after the firmer than expected CPI reading earlier this week. The scope for surprise seems limited, but it could appear in the vote. Most expected a 7-2 vote, so a 6-3 vote would likely spur a quick pop higher in sterling. Sterling is the only major currency that is currently higher against the dollar this week (@$1.3220).
There are some chunky options that expire later today that could impact the price action. There are options with a notional value of 1.1 bln euros that are struck at $1.19 that expire today. In the yen, options struck at JPY110.50 ($840 mln) and JPY111.00 ($894 mln) will be cut today. There are about A$1.8 bln options struck at $0.8010 that roll-off later today.
Swiss National Bank kept rates on hold, as widely expected. The bank noted that the franc’s recent weakness has helped reduce “significant overvaluation,” but added that it nevertheless remains “highly valued” and the situation in the FX market remains “fragile.” The OECD still regards the Swiss franc as the most over-valued currency in its universe (~23.5%). Lastly, the bank revised down its 2017 growth forecast to just under 1% from 1.5% previously whilst revising up its 2017-2019 inflation forecasts by 0.1 percentage point each to 0.4%, 0.4%, and 1.1%, respectively. The SNB seems content to lag well behind the ECB and Fed in the monetary cycle.
Turkish central bank is expected to keep all rates steady. Inflation was 10.7% y/y in August, well above the 5% target and 3-7% target range. This was especially disappointing considering the firmer lira. With the currency weakening this month so far, the central bank should remain cautious and push out expected easing until inflationary pressures ease again.
Chile central bank is expected to keep rates steady at 2.5%. August CPI rose 1.9% y/y, which is still below the 2-4% target range. The recent copper rally should help boost growth, and so we believe the central bank when it says that the easing cycle is over, at least for now.
Peru central bank is expected to keep rates steady at 3.75%. However, the market is split. Of the 13 analysts polled by Bloomberg, 8 see no cut and 5 see a 25 bp cut to 3.5%. August CPI rose 3.17% y/y, which is still above the 1-3% target range. While accelerating inflation should keep the central bank cautious, we see a chance that it continues the easing cycle with another 25 bp cut due to the sluggish economy.