- Global equity markets are higher following the stunning recovery in the US yesterday
- Outside of the focus on the trade and the bounce in global equities, Europe’s service and composite PMIs were the data highlight
- The UK data also disappointed
- Canada and the US report February trade figures
- Philippines March CPI rose 4.3% y/y; RBI kept rates steady, as expected; Colombia March CPI is expected to rise 3.3% y/y
The dollar is mixed against the majors as global equity markets recover. The Scandies are outperforming, while Antipodeans are underperforming. EM currencies are mostly weaker. INR and THB are outperforming, while RUB and TRY are underperforming. MSCI Asia Pacific was up 0.6%, with the Nikkei rising 1.5%. MSCI EM is up 0.8% on the day, with China markets closed for holiday. Euro Stoxx 600 is up 1.6% near midday, while S&P futures are pointing to a higher open. The 10-year US yield is up 2 bp at 2.82%. Commodity prices are mixed, with WTI oil flat, copper up 1.5%, and gold down 0.4%.
Global equity markets are higher following the stunning recovery in the US yesterday. The S&P 500 rallied 76 points or 3% from its lows to it highs, near where it finished. The outside up day is seeing following through today. Without China and Hong Kong, which are on holiday, the MSCI Asia Pacific Index snapped a three-day downdraft and closed 0.55% higher. The Nikkei led the region with a 1.5% gain, led by real estate, health care and financials. It posted its highest close since in two weeks.
Gains in Europe have been stronger. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is up 1.5% in late morning turnover. It is led by information technology and materials (both sectors are up more than 2%). Real estate is the laggard, up 0.65%. While the Asia Pacific Index is well below its 20-day moving average, the Stoxx 600 is straddling its.
There is a 60-day period between the announcements and when the US tariffs will be implemented. China has not indicated when it will enforce its tariffs. This is understood to allow room to negotiate here in Q2. Also, this is seen as compatible with the Trump Administration’s bold rhetoric and climb down in practice. Consider the recent flip on NAFTA, from threatening to leave it to seeking an agreement in principle next week. As part of the effort, the US appears to have softened its demands on the controversial domestic content requirement for autos (presently 62.5%, and the US had sought 85%).
From camps that have been critical of China about its holdings of US Treasuries, large debt accumulated since 2008, currency practices, etc., bellicose language is still fanning the flames. This war camp worries that one way that China could retaliate is to allow its currency to depreciate. Sure, it could, but over the last few months there is only one major country that stood accused of talking its currency down. In fact, it was so disturbing that it raised addressed at ECB press conference, and was subsequently, walked back by the US President and the Treasury Secretary.
The war camp that is playing up the possibility that China sells its Treasuries in displeasure also complains when China buys US Treasuries. We can also test the hypothesis of what happens when China has sold US Treasuries in the recent past. From June 2016 through November 2016, China’s Treasury holdings according to US data fell by $200 bln, which was 15% of their holdings. What happened to the US 10-year yield (as a rough and ready metric of the impact), you ask? It was virtually unchanged.
The Chinese yuan has appreciated 3.2% against the US dollar this year. As we have noted, the US Treasury’s report on the international economy and foreign exchange is expected this month. China’s behavior in the foreign exchange market has not changed. It is slowly rebuilding its reserves that were previously run down by 25%. Capital controls appear to have arrested some of the outflows. China is expected to report March reserves figures in the coming days. They are expected to have risen by about $14 bln.
Outside of the focus on the trade and the bounce in global equities, Europe’s service and composite PMIs were the data highlight. The eurozone service PMI was revised to 54.9 from the 55.0 flash reading, which itself was down from 56.2 in February and 58.0 in January. The composite was also revised lower, to 55.2 from 55.3. It peaked in January at 58.8 and fell to 57.1 in February. While the loss of momentum is significant, the impact on GDP may be more measured. Consider that the Q4 17 average was 56.4 and the Q1 18 average is 56.7. We think that if the loss of momentum spills over in the start of Q2, for which some data will be available in the coming weeks, then investors may be more sensitive to it. It could help determine in which direction the euro breaks out of its range.
The loss of momentum is especially evident in Germany. Its service PMI was revised down from the flash reading as was the composite (55.1 from 55.4 flash and 57.6 in February). It also reported disappointing factory orders. Some recovery was expected after the 3.9% m/m drop in January. The bounce was not even halfhearted. Rather than rise 1.5%, as the median forecast from the Bloomberg survey, Germany reported a 0.3% increase. And this was only marginally less disappointing because the January decline was revised to -3.5%.
The UK data also disappointed. Start with new car registrations. They fell 15.7% in March, and have not grown on a y/y basis since last March. The average pace last year was a 7% decline. Its services PMI fell to 51.7 from 54.5, well below expectations. The composite similarly fell to 52.5 from 54.5. Unlike the EMU, the UK’s composite average in Q1 18 (53.5) is below the composite average for Q4 17 (55.2).
There are several maturing options that may be in play. One is a 755 mln euro options struck at $1.2300 and another 518 mln euros struck at $1.2325. Between JPY106.90 and JPY1017.15 there are nearly $1.7 bln in option that will be cut today.
The dollar has been largely confined to yesterday’s ranges against the euro and sterling and both are little changed. The dollar has firmed against the yen and reached JPY107.15, a four-week high. In addition, the option expirations and the intraday technical indicators warn of the risk that the dollar may pullback in early North American turnover. That said, a move above JPY107.30 could signal a break of a head and shoulders bottom that would project toward JPY110. The Australian dollar is the weakest of the majors, though, down twice what the yen is (0.40% vs 0.20%), and that is after it made new seven-session highs near $0.7730. Yesterday’s lows seem to be the proximate target and it was found near $0.7665.
Canada and the US report February trade figures. Both countries will report deficits, and are expected to be larger sequentially. The US Challenger Job Cuts and the weekly initial jobless claims are the last reports ahead of tomorrow’s non-farm payroll report. The strength of the ADP report underscores our focus on the other details of the employment report, especially hourly earnings and the participation rate.
Philippines March CPI rose 4.3% y/y vs. 4.2% expected and a revised 3.8% (was 3.9%) in February. Note that rebasing the index shaved 0.6 percentage points off inflation last month. Yet this is still the highest rate since the new series began in January 2013 and moves above the 2-4% target range. Rising inflation and a strong economy should force the central bank to start a tightening cycle soon. Next policy meeting is May 10, and we think a 25 bp hike then is likely.
Reserve Bank of India kept rates steady, as expected. However, the bank cut its inflation forecast for the first half of FY2018/19 to 4.7-5.1% from 5.1-5.6% previously. CPI rose 4.4% y/y in February, which is in the top half of the 2-6% target range. There was one dissenter in favor of a hike. The RBI is likely to remain on hold for now, and markets are not pricing in a hike until 2019.
Colombia March CPI is expected to rise 3.3% y/y vs. 3.4% in February. If so, it would be the lowest rate since October 2014 but still below the 1-4% target range. The central bank releases its minutes Friday. At that March meeting, the bank kept rates steady at 4.5%. However, we think it will cut rates further by 25-50 bp this year before ending the easing cycle. Next policy meetings are April 27 and June 29, and a 25 bp cut is likely at one of those meetings.