- The FOMC minutes did not alter expectations for Fed policy; Dudley trumps the minutes
- Weaker June UK retail sales takes the shine off the slightly better July reading
- Japan reports strong trade figures
The dollar was turning better bid in late morning turnover in Europe. The euro returned to nearly $1.17 after being turned back from almost $1.18. The dollar returned to above JPY110 after slipping to nearly JPY109.60. The greenback is also firm against the freely accessible emerging market currencies. US yields are firmer while European and Asia-Pacific rates are lower. Asian equities rose 0.4%, the largest gain in the four-day rally. We note that Korea’s shares continue to recover. Foreign investors were net buyers today, but as set net sellers on the week. Europe could not match suit. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 is off 0.2% to snap a three-day streak. Financials are the largest drag. Copper and zinc prices are leading the industrial metals complex higher.
The US dollar had steadied after softening in the North American afternoon yesterday when the dissolution of President Trump’s business councils as a series of executives stepped down. The FOMC minutes added more fuel to the move.
The market responded to the minutes by selling the dollar and buying US notes and bonds. The narrative was the offered was that the market had seen in the minutes a reduced chance of another rate hike this year.
The place to test that hypothesis, however, is not the long-end, but the short-end. The closest proxy is the December Fed funds contract. The implied yield rose a single basis point, and at 1.21%, it is slightly higher than it was at the end of last week (1.195%).
In trading, a written confirmation is superior to a verbal confirmation. When interpreting the Federal Reserve, a similar principle applies. The minutes are an imperfect communication tool to guide expectations. Voter and non-voter views are indistinguishable. The passion and conviction are not easy to assess. The record of a meeting from a few weeks ago is less significant than more recent comments by a person part of the Fed’s leadership.
Simply put, in addition to the limited movement in the Fed funds futures contracts, Dudley trumps the minutes. Dudley expressed what we assume is the leadership’s view: balance sheet announcement next month, and a relatively low bar to a rate hike in December. Moreover, as we have been pointing out, Fed officials have buffered their argument about rates by spending more time talking about financial conditions. This is important: “vulnerabilities associated with asset valuation pressures edged up from notable to elevated.”
US yields are slightly firmer, and the dollar has recovered back to JPY110, after being sold to JPY109.70 (tested the JPY111 area yesterday). The dollar found bids ahead of Tuesday’s low (~JPY109.60). There are several options expires that are in play today: JPY109.50 for $363 mln, JPY110-JPY110.05 for $1.8 bln), and JPY110.20-JPY110.30 for $1 bln.
Japan reported a larger than expected July trade surplus. Exports strengthened, growing 13.4% from a year ago up from 9.7% in June. Japan’s exports are a key catalyst for its industrial sector and capex. Imports were also stronger. They rose 16.3% after a 15.5% pace in June. The imports are partly a reflection of domestic demand.
The yen is rivaling the Australian dollar as the strongest of the majors. Australia’s July employment data was reasonable and will not change views of monetary policy. Australia created 27.9k jobs, which was a bit more than expected, but there were all part-time positions. There were 20.3k fewer full-time positions. On the other hand, the June series was revised up to show a dramatic 69.3k full-time position. The unemployment rate ticked down to 5.6% from a revised 5.7% even though the participation rate also rose (65.1% from 65.0%).
The Australian dollar has built on yesterday’s strong gains, some suggesting in part because of the continued rally in industrial metals, including copper to two-year highs. It is testing a retracement objective near $0.7965. There is an A$1.1 bln option expiring today struck at $0.7975.
Sterling was sold into a brief bounce after the headline retail sales report edged out expectations. Retail sales rose 0.3% instead of 0.2%. However, the June gain was cut in half to 0.3% from 0.6%. Admittedly some of this is the result of petrol, though a concerning picture is still evident. Excluding auto fuel, retail sales slowed to 1.5% in July from a revised 2.8% in June. Including fuel, retail sales rose 1.3% from a year ago, down from 2.8%. Sterling is trading within yesterday’s ranges.
The euro is surrendering yesterday’s gains, of which we were suspicious. There does not appear to be a macro driver. The eurozone confirmed July inflation readings, and the June trade balance was a little largest than expected, but mostly offset by a downward revision in May. There is no material impact on GDP expectations. Nevertheless, the euro is heavier on the crosses as well. The euro is holding a down trend since peaking on August 2 a little above $1.19. The trend line comes in today near $1.1815. The high in Asia and Europe is $1.1790. Support is pegged in the $1.680-$1.1720 area. There are nearly two bln euros of options struck between $1.17 and $1.1715 that are on the block today. There is another option for nearly 550 mln euros struck at $1.1760.
The US reports weekly jobless claims, which cover the period in which the national survey is conducted. The Philadelphia Fed survey for August is unlikely to repeat the surge of the Empire State survey earlier in the week, but the bar is low for an upside surprise. Industrial output for July is also on tap. Note that perhaps one of the considerations holding back investment is that fact the capacity utilization rates are low (76.6% in June). The cyclical peak was three years ago and below 80%.