This is likely to be one of the most eventful weeks we’ve had in a while. Not only do three major central banks meet, but four EM central banks also meet, and we get important June and July data from the US, the first Q2 GDP reading from China, an OPEC+ meeting, and an EU summit. This comes as markets are grappling with still-rising virus numbers in the US and resurgent numbers in many other countries that call into question the durability of the economic recovery. With so many events impacting virtually all assets, we expect a volatile week ahead for the markets and may serve as a gut punch to risk assets like EM.
Colombia reports May manufacturing production and IP Wednesday. The former is expected to contract -28.0% y/y and the latter by -28.7% y/y. The central bank cut rates 25 bp to 2.5% last month, slowing the pace from 50 bp cuts previously amidst rising concerns about capital outflows. The vote was 5-2, with the two dissents in favor of a 50 bp cut. Next policy meeting is July 31 and another 25 bp cut is expected. However, the language will be very important in determining how much more easing may be in the pipeline. May trade data will be reported Friday.
Chile central bank meets Wednesday and is expected to keep rates steady at 0.50%. At its last meeting June 16, the bank kept rates steady but increased its credit line to local banks to boost lending. Minutes from that meeting suggest the policy rate will remain at its technical minimum for longer than initially estimated, and that any further easing will come from unconventional measures. CPI rose 2.6% y/y in June, the lowest since October and in the bottom half of the 2-4% target range.
Turkey reports May current account and IP data Monday. The current account is expected to be in deficit by -$3.75 bln, while IP is expected to contract -24.0% y/y vs. -31.4% in April. The economy remains weak but the central bank surprised markets at its last meeting June 25 by leaving rates unchanged at 8.25%. Inflation accelerated further to 12.62% y/y in June and so it seems likely that the bank will remain on hold again at the next meeting July 23.
Israel reports June trade Monday. CPI will be reported Wednesday. Headline inflation is expected at -1.0% y/y vs. -1.6% in May. If so, it would be the first “acceleration” since December but would be the third straight month of deflation and well below the 1-3% target range. The Bank of Israel just met and expanded its QE to include corporate debt. Next policy meeting August 24 and further easing measures are possible if the shekel remains firm. The bank may also step up its intervention to weaken the currency. However, we do not expect the bank to go negative.
National Bank of Poland meets Tuesday and is expected to keep rates steady at 0.10%. After surprising markets with a 40 bp cut in May, the bank kept rates steady in June and sounded a bit more upbeat. For now, we think the bank will remain in wait and see mode. Poland also reports May trade and current account data Tuesday. Minutes will be released Thursday and its quarterly inflation report will be released Friday.
South Africa reports June CPI Wednesday. Headline inflation is expected to fall to 2.2% y/y vs. 3.0% in May. If so, it would be the lowest since September 2004 and below the 3-6% target range. This will be followed by June PPI Thursday, where headline inflation is expected at -0.1% y/y vs. 1.2% in May. This would point to further deflation ahead at the consumer level. Next SARB meeting is July 23 and another cut is expected then.
India reports June CPI Monday. Headline inflation is expected at 5.32% y/y vs. 5.84% in May. If so, it would be the lowest since October and move further within the 2-6% target range. This will be followed by June WPI Tuesday, which is expected to fall -2.39% y/y vs. -3.21% in May. Next RBI meeting is August 6 and another cut is expected then after cutting 40 bp at the last meeting May 22. June trade data will be reported Wednesday.
Singapore advance Q2 GDP will be reported Tuesday. The economy is expected to contract -11.3% y/y (-36.7% SAAR) vs. -0.7% y/y (-4.7% SAAR) in Q1. June trade will be reported Friday, with NODX expected to rise 4.9% y/y vs. -4.5% in May. The ruling PAP is reeling from a huge drop in support in last week’s elections. It won 83 seats out of a total 93 with 61.2% of the vote. In any other country, this would be considered a huge success, but here in Singapore, it was the PAP’s worst showing ever. The opposition’s 10 seats are the most ever.
China reports June trade data Tuesday. Exports are expected to contract -2.0% y/y and imports by -9.0% y/y. Q1 GDP and June retail sales and IP will be reported Thursday. GDP is expected to rise 2.2% y/y vs. -6.8% in Q1, sales are expected to rise 0.5% y/y vs. -2.8% in May, and IP is expected to rise 4.8% y/y vs. 4.4% in May. Data last week suggest that loan and aggregate financing growth remain robust in response to previous easing measures.
Bank Indonesia meets Thursday and is expected to cut rates 25 bp to 4.0%. It cut rates 25 bp at its last meeting June 18 and said it “sees room for lower interest rates in line with low inflationary pressure.” CPI rose only 1.96% y/y in June, the lowest since May 2000 and below the 2.5-4.5% target range. We expect the bank to continue the easing cycle well into H2, especially in light of the relatively firm rupiah.
Bank of Korea meets Thursday and is expected to keep rates steady at 0.5%. The bank cut rates 25 bp at its last meeting May 28 and suggested it was nearing the lower bound. Governor Lee suggested then that the bank could resort to unconventional measures if further stimulus was needed but offered no further details. Perhaps the bank could clarify its position at this week’s meeting.